Language Conjunctions

John Sorensen, in his magnum opus Mormon's Codex quotes this statement about language origins on two continents by David Kelley.

“David H. Kelley of the University of Calgary showed years ago an interesting conjunction* of certain Mesoamerican calendar names with characters in the Semitic alphabet, whose order had calendrical and mythological significance in the Near East. He observed that the Maya day name Manik (neither the meaning nor origin of this term is known to Mayanist scholars) is represented by a glyph in the shape of a hand. The conventional spelling of the Yucatec Maya word for “hand” is kab. “We have the Mayan a hand glyph corresponding [sequentially in terms of the alphabet and thus the calendar] to the Hebrew letter k [the glyph being] probably pronounced kaph” The next letter of the Hebrew alphabet is L, with the name lamed. The corresponding day name in the order of the Yucatec Mayan calendar is Lamat (also compare Tzental Maya lambat with the Greek letter lambda). Next in the Maya list is the day-name Mulu(c), shown symbolized by a shark and with the Aztec equivalent sense of “water” (compare Hebrew mem, “water,” and its equivalent, Greek mu). The relationships shown in this sequence are suggestive of a Hebrew or at least a southwestern Asiatic influence on the Mesoamerican calendar system.” Mormon’s Codex, page 180-181

Definition of conjunction (n)  Bing Dictionary
  •     con·junc·tion
  • [ kən júngkshən ]
   connecting word: a word that is used to link sentences, clauses, phrases, or words, e.g. "and," "but," or "if"combining of several things: 
   the act of joining or combining two or more things simultaneous occurrence: 
   a simultaneous occurrence of events or circumstances
   Synonymscombination · aggregation · unification · coincidence · concurrence
  1. In our study of the Book of Mormon, several incidents of conjunction which are all conjunctive form a convergence.

    A convergence is described as “Whenever the two sources or ‘witnesses’ [text and archaeology] happen to converge in their testimony, a historical ‘datum’ (or given) may be said to have been established beyond reasonable doubt. To ignore or to deny the implications of such convergent testimony is irresponsible scholarship, since it impeaches the testimony of one witness without reasonable cause by suppressing other vital evidence.”

    A convergence is not only a parallel between two items, but a correlation between text, time, culture, and sometimes even geography, that converge together and testify of the same thing. It is the connecting of dots from hints found in The Book of Mormon and with archaeology until a masterful picture begins to emerge from the text. A convergence stands on its own and is a more complex, powerful witness of the authenticity of the text than a simple parallel.  (see Book of Mormon Parallels vs Book of Mormon convergences by Tyler Livingston)




Kelley, David